- …inland water transport is recognised as fuel efficient, cost effective and environment friendly mode of transport, especially for bulk goods, hazardous goods and over dimensional cargos. It also reduces time, cost of transportation of goods and cargos, as well as congestion and accidents on highways.
|Mode||Freight ( Rs/TKm )||Taxes||Total Rs / TKm|
Estimating Direct Costs
|Mode||Total distance (km)||Total Cost before tax (calculated)||Total Cost including tax (calculated)|
- IWT is the cost effective mode of transport and offers least vehicle operating cost/ charges as compared to Rail and Road. The level of advantage offered by IWT is much higher when compared with road than that of rail, but corresponding advantage goes adverse when terminal costs involved in the case of IWT also forms cost of comparison
Adverse Impacts on Environment
India, New Delhi, 2014. Link